Project team


Detlef van Vuuren is a senior researcher at PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency and a professor in Integrated Assessment of Global Environmental Change at the Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University. His research concentrates on response strategies to global environmental problems using integrated assessment models and other tools. As such, he participates as part of the IMAGE integrated assessment modelling team. He is also member of the board of the Integrated Assessment Modelling Consortium (IAMC) and member of the Working Group on Coupled Models of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). He participates in the editorial board of Climatic Change and Earth System Dynamics. Detlef van Vuuren had a coordinating role in the development of the Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) now used in the IPCC’s assessments. Detlef van Vuuren has participated as (Coordinating) Lead Author in various assessments such the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, UNEP’s Global Environmental Outlook, the International Assessment on Agricultural Science and Technology Development, and the OECD Environmental Outlook. Detlef van Vuuren has also a member of the scientific boards of several DG Research projects. He has published more than 160 articles in refereed journals including Nature, PNAS, and Environmental Research Letters. Detlef is project coordinator of PATWAYS and leads the work package on integrated assessment modeling.
Andries Hof is climate economist at PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. He holds a university degree in economics (1999), after which he conducted research at several institutes in the Netherlands, Germany, and the US. In 2007, he started working on a EU research project about mitigation and adaptation strategies for climate change policy at PBL and received his PhD with this topic in 2010. His special interests are the costs and benefits of climate change adaptation and mitigation, climate agreements, and the use of integrated assessment models in informing climate policy decisions. Andries has authored more than 30 publications in peer-reviewed journals. Andries is project manager of PATHWAYS and co-leads the work package on integrated assessment modeling.
Joyce Zwartkruis is working as a researcher at the PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency in the department Water, Agriculture and Food. In PATHWAYS, she is working on the agro-food domain and land use domain in work package 2 and the land use domain in work package 3. Joyce did her Master Applied Communication Sciences at Wageningen University and she wrote her dissertation with the title: “Framing in Innovation. Towards sustainable agro-food systems” at the Innovation Studies group of Utrecht University. In her PhD research she studied innovations aiming at sustainable development in the Dutch agro-food sector.
Mariësse van Sluisveld is a researcher at PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency and Utrecht University, the Netherlands. In PATHWAYS she is involved with integrative assessment modeling and scenario development. Her current work focuses on alternative transition pathways that meet long-term climate policy targets. Her main interests are in the fields of climate policy, lifestyle change and material efficiency. She holds a degree in Sustainable Development with a major in Energy and Resources from Utrecht University.

Manchester University

geels_web.jpg Frank Geels is Professor of System Innovation and Sustainability at the Sustainable Consumption Institute, at the University of Manchester. Geels is chairman of the international Sustainability Transitions Research Network (, and one of the world-leading scholars on socio-technical transitions and radical innovation. Geels practices an inter-disciplinary style, which makes crossovers between evolutionary economics, Science and Technology Studies, neo-institutional theory. Geels has published six books on socio-technical transitions and more than forty peer-reviewed articles. He is particularly well-known for this conceptual and empirical work on the Multi-Level Perspective (MLP) and Strategic Niche Management (SNM). He has twice won a Research Publication Award from IAMOT (International Association for the Management of Technology), and has been selected by Thomson Reuters into their prestigious list of ‘Highly Cited Researchers’.
hodson_web.jpg Mike Hodson is Research Fellow at the University of Manchester, where he is based jointly in the Sustainable Consumption Institute (SCI) and the Manchester Institute of Innovation Research (MIoIR). Mike was previously Senior Research Fellow at Salford University, where he spent a decade in the Centre for Sustainable Urban and Regional Futures (SURF) working in the area of urban and regional governance and transitions. He has published and presented widely on this research agenda. His developing research interests are at the interface of systemic transitions and territorial transitions and the ways in which relationships between the two are, are not and can be organized.
AndyMcMeekin_web.png Andrew McMeekin is Professor of Innovation at Manchester Business School and Research Director of the Sustainable Consumption Institute. Until recently he was co-director of the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), Scottish Government and Defra funded Sustainable Practices Research Group (2011-2014). McMeekin’s current research looks at long-term processes of sociotechnical change, combing insights from economic sociology, practice theory and transition theory. He studied at Manchester University (BSc, 1989 and Phd, 2000) and the Science Policy Research Unit (MSc., 1992).


DeCian_web.png Enrica De Cian is a senior researcher at Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM). She obtained the PhD in Economics and Organization from Ca’ Foscari University of Venice in 2008.  She has collaborated with several research organizations, including CEPS (Brussels), the Joint Program on the Policy and the Science of Climate Change at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge (USA), and the ZEW (Mannheim). In 2012 she obtained a Marie Curie Research Fellowship and in 2012-2013 she was research scholar at the Department of Earth and Environment, Boston University, USA. Her research interests include integrated assessment modelling, economics of adaptation, climate change impacts, climate change policies, technological change. In PATHWAYS she is mostly involved in Work Package 1, Integrated assessment of transitional change and role/representation of institutions in Integrated Assessment models – and in Work Package 4, Tools and procedures for integration.
Samuel Carrara holds a Master Degree cum laude in Mechanical Engineering (Major: Energy and Mechanical Plants) and a PhD in Energy and Environmental Technologies, both from the University of Bergamo, Italy. After working as an engineer in the gas turbine field, he is now junior researcher at FEEM – Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, Milan, Italy. His main research interests include renewable energies, sustainable development, energy policies, climate and energy economics, advanced energy systems. His research activity is carried out mainly adopting WITCH (, an Integrated Assessment Model aiming at studying the socio-economic impacts of climate change. He contributes to its development as well, mainly working on the energy technologies modules. Within the PATHWAYS project, he is currently involved in Work Package 1 –  Integrated assessment of transitional change.
Dasgupta_Photo_web.jpg Shouro Dasgupta is currently a PhD candidate in Science and Management of Climate Change at Ca’ Foscari University of Venice and a Junior Researcher at FEEM working on using applied econometrics to assess the climate change impacts, climate change adaptation and adaptive capacity; determinants of climatological disasters; and the role of institutions. Shouro recently completed a Fellowship at Boston University under the supervision of Professor Ian Sue Wing, researching the impact of climate change on influenza mortality in the US using generalized additive models. In PATHWAYS he is involved in Work Package 1 – empirically investigating the impact of institutions and governance on climate policy and environmental performance.

Wuppertal Institut

Holger Berg is Project Co-ordinator to the Research Group “Sustainable Production and Consumption” of the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Energy and the Environment. In the PATHWAYS Project he coordinates Work Package 3 “Transitions in the Making” and leads the Domain “Heat”. Holger holds a PhD in economics. His research interests concern transition and transformation orientated research and theory with regard to economic and social pathways, the role of human behaviour and communication as well as resource efficiency and corporate social responsibility. A special concern in methodology lies in experimental settings such as real labs, living labs and behavioural experiments.
JohannesBuhl_web.png Johannes Buhl studied Sociology and Economics as well as International Politics and Geography at the University of Bamberg and Charles University in Prague. Between 2009 and 2011 he was a scholarship holder in the Max Weber Program of the Elite Network of Bavaria and the German National Academic Foundation. Since 2012 he was Research Fellow at the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy in the research group „Sustainable Production an Consumption“. His research focuses on sustainable consumption, resource use and rebound effects of households. In PATHWAYS, he is working on participatory action research for sustainable transition pathways.


Björn Nykvist is a Research Fellow at Stockholm Environment Institute and a post doc Researcher at Stockholm Resilience Centre. He holds a PhD in natural resource management and has worked interdisciplinary with research on sustainability and governance of energy, transport and natural resources since 2005. He has written and contributed a diverse set of more than 15 peer reviewed papers in international journals. Nykvist main research interest is that of understanding how social processes influence natural resource management, environmental governance and technological development. In PATHWAYS Nykvist leads SEIs work on understanding transitions in the Swedish housing domain through analysing interactions between niche innovations, earlier regime configurations and the governance arrangements fostering these developments. He aims to contribute to improved understanding on the barriers and opportunities for transitions in the housing and transport sectors in Europe and how lessons from national case studies can improve larger scale Integrated Assessment Modelling and their illustration of potential future transitions.
AdisDzebo web.png Adis Dzebo is a Research Associate at SEI. He holds an MSc with distinction from the School of International Development at the University of East Anglia. He has experience in the field of environmental and climate change research and policy both within and outside of Sweden. Before SEI, Adis worked at the Lund University Department of Political Science. He has also served as a political advisor on climate change and energy for the Swedish Green Party. He is the co-leader of SEI's Climate Finance Initiative and the coordinator for SEI's work in the Expert Network on Second Opinion (ENSO) for Green Bonds. His current research focuses on transition pathways, climate governance, the role of the private sector in climate finance, and decision-making and uncertainty in climate change related to high-end scenarios.
Katarina_Axelson_web.jpg Katarina Axelsson holds an MSc in Social Science and has been working at SEI since 2001. Axelsson is specializing in sustainable consumption and lifestyle research and her main interest areas include governance for sustainable consumption and understanding the incentive structures, policies and measures that enable or hinder transition to more sustainable pathways at different levels. Axelsson is also involved in programmes and tools that help policy makers understand and measure the environmental pressures associated with the total consumption of goods and services. In PATHWAYS, she will contribute with one case study using a participatory action research approach for sustainable transition pathways under the Heat domain.
Georgis Savvidou_web.jpg Georgia Savvidou is a research associate at SEI in the Governance and Institutions Unit. In PATHWAYS she is mainly working in Work Package 1, which involves modelling of current heat systems and development of scenarios representing different plausible, future trajectories. Georgia has prior experience in energy systems analysis and development of alternative future pathways on several national energy systems in Europe. Her main research interests include the evolution of energy systems and the linkages between the three pillars of sustainability; environment, economy and society. She holds a M.Sc. in Energy and Environmental Sciences from the University of Groningen, Netherlands and a B.Sc. in Mathematics and Statistics from the University of Cyprus.


Frans-Berkhout_web.jpg Frans Berkhout is Professor of Environment, Society and Climate in the Department of Geography, King’s College London and Interim Director of theFuture Earth programme based at the International Council for Science in Paris. Between 2004 and 2012 he was Director of the Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM) and the Amsterdam Global Change Institute (2010 to 2013) at the Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Before that he held posts at SPRU (Science and Technology Policy Research), University of Sussex (UK), and was Director of the UK Economic and Social Research Council’s (ESRC) Global Environmental Change and Sustainable Technologies programmes. Berkhout holds a Geography BSc (University of Leeds, 1983) and a PhD in Science and Technology Policy Studies (University of Sussex, 1989). He did post-doctoral research at Princeton University (US). Among other advisory roles, Professor Berkhout is a lead author in the IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report (2007) and an international member of the Research Evaluation Framework (REF) of the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE). He sits on the editorial boards of Research Policy, Global Environmental Change, Journal of Industrial Ecology and Current Opinion on Environmental Sustainability.
Bruno_web.jpg Bruno Turnheim is a post-doctoral research associate at the Department of Geography at King’s College London, under the supervision of Prof. Frans Berkhout. He is also a visiting fellow at SPRU (University of Sussex), associated with the Sussex Energy Group (SEG). His research to date has been focussing on areas related to long-term socio-technical change, innovation, sustainable transitions, and the role of normative problems in science and technology trajectories more broadly. Bruno Turnheim obtained his PhD from SPRU, University of Sussex in 2012, under the supervision of Profs. Frank W. Geels and Andy Stirling. His PhD dealt with ‘the destabilisation of existing regimes in socio-technical transitions’, combining theoretical exploration with a number of case studies covering British energy industries from 1880 to the present. He also holds an MSc in Industrial Ecology from Chalmers University of Technology (Sweden), and an MSc Eng in General Purpose Engineering from Ecole des Mines de Douai (France). Within the PATHWAYS project, he focuses particularly on opportunities for bridging between different analytical approaches to sustainability transitions. His empirical research is focussed on transitions in the energy, mobility and agri-food domains, focusing on different scales (national, regional, local), and time horizons (past, present, prospective), but usually involving processes unfolding over extended periods of time (decades).
Irene_web.jpg Irene Håkansson obtained a M.Sc. degree in the interdisciplinary program Social-Ecological Resilience for Sustainable Development from the Stockholm Resilience Centre. She continued working as a research assistant after her graduation. Issues of urban sustainability and green infrastructure have been at the core of her interests. Since July 2014, she is a PhD candidate in Human Geography at King’s College London. Her research will focus on the urban planning context of grassroots sustainability experiments. For PATHWAYS, she is currently involved in Work Package 2 and 3 in the domains Mobility and Agro-food.

ISI Fraunhofer

Rogge_web.jpg Karoline S. Rogge is a senior research at the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (Fraunhofer ISI) in Karlsruhe, Germany and a Lecturer in Energy Policy and Sustainability at the University of Sussex. Her interdisciplinary research combines environmental and ecological economics, innovation studies and policy analysis to study the link between policy and innovation in the energy sector. Karoline's research ranges from evaluating the innovation impact of single policy instruments, such as the EU emissions trading system – the topic of her PhD at ETH Zurich – to analyzing the effects of comprehensive policy mixes for promoting the low carbon transition of the energy system. Regarding the latter, Karoline is currently leading the GRETCHEN project investigating the influence of the policy mix for renewables on technological and structural change in Germany. Karoline has been involved in advising the German government since 2004, including as a member of the scientific secretariat of the German Emissions Trading Stakeholder Group, and prior to that has acted as a consultant to the OECD and World Bank. Within PATHWAYS, Karoline serves as Fraunhofer ISI’s principal investigator and together with Benjamin Pfluger leads the electrity domain. More specifically, Karoline is involved in WP2 in which she performs a multi-level analysis for the electricity sector in Germany, and in WP4 within which she contributes to the governance and policy work and to the project team’s endeavors of integrating the results of the three analytical approaches, thereby identifying novel insights into sustainable transition pathways and their governance.
JHK_web.jpg Dr. Jonathan Köhler is Senior Scientist at the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation research. He has a PhD ‘Bounded Rationality in Savings Decisions'. From 2000-2005, he was Research Theme Manager, Integrating Frameworks, Tyndall Centre, responsible for  development and coordination of the research theme on Integrated Assessment methodologies for climate change policy analysis, line management of research fellow and management of 12 research projects within the theme. He works in transport economics and is an expert on innovation theory and long run technological change, macroeconomics and system dynamics. He is an expert on integrated assessment tools and approaches (e.g. EU projects, MATISSE, GHG-PAM). He has worked on biofuels in the transport sector and sustainable innovation in the transport sector. He is now working on transitions modelling and the modelling of innovation systems and processes in transport. He is member of the managing committee of the Sustainability Transitions Research Network (STRN), responsible for modelling issues. He is involved in the EU CleanSky research consortium and has published on emissions trading in aviation. He is chairman of the EU expert group on Foresight Modelling. His role in the PATHWAYS project is Agent Based Modelling of transitions in transport and he is Domain leader transport.
PhilippOehler_web.jpg Philipp Oehler studied physics at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. He graduated in the field of experimental particle physics. In the context of his diploma thesis, he was involved at the Belle II Particle Experiment as a software developer for data processing. Since 2013, he works as a researcher and PhD student at the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research in the business unit Electricity Markets and Infrastructures. His research is centered on modeling electricity systems for the PowerACE model, specially focused on electricity grid modeling and analyzing potentials for renewable energies. For PATHWAYS, he analyses how Europe’s electricity system can be transformed into a more sustainable one in the future.


Guilherme_web.jpg Guilherme Carrilho da Graça, Eng. Physics (IST), MSc (MIT), PhD (University of California in San Diego, UCSD), is an Assistant Professor in Building Energy Systems (University of Lisbon, FCUL DEGGE, since 2010), a Research Scholar at UCSD, Faculty of the MIT Portugal Program, member of the IDL research laboratory and owner of the consultancy and design firm NaturalWorks. He has over twenty publications in building energy analysis, natural ventilation design and thermal simulation. His main area of expertise is building energy simulation and natural ventilation design.


Henrique Miguel Pereira is Professor of Biodiversity Conservation at iDiv - German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig and he is affiliated with the Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg. He is coordinating the domain "Land-Use and Biodiversity" in PATHWAYS. He was a lead author of technical reports for the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, the Global Biodiversity Outlook 3 and 4, and is currently the Chair of the Biodiversity Observation Network of the Group on Earth Observations. Prof. Pereira received his PhD in Biological Sciences from Stanford University in 2002. From 2003 to 2005 he coordinated the Portugal Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. From 2006 to 2009 he was the Director of Peneda-Gerês National Park in Northern Portugal. From 2009 to 2014 he was a Research Group Leader at the Center for Environmental Biology of the University of Lisbon. He has published over fifty scientific papers and reports on biodiversity issues.  His research interests revolve around global biodiversity change, including monitoring schemes for biodiversity, spatially explicit and species-area models for biodiversity scenarios, and empirical studies of the consequences of rewilding abandoned farmland for biodiversity and ecosystem services.
BarbaraGoncalves_web.jpg Barbara Goncalves is a researcher at iDiv, Leipzig. She has a BSC Hons in Biology (University of Leeds, UK) and a MSc in Coastal Conservation and Management (Glamorgan University, UK) and is currently doing her PhD on "Biology and Ecology of Global Environmental Changes". Her thesis focuses on international policy for biodiversity conservation. She has work experience outside Academics, having worked both in private and public sector as an Ecologist. Some of the projects she was involved in include: the Olympic 2012 Biodiversity Action Plans; the Westfield Shopping Centre Green Wall Planting Scheme and Design, London; Arun Core Strategy – Phase 1 Habitat Survey; Wind Turbine Assessment Study, Bat Survey, London; the Green Infrastructure (GI) Strategy for Worcestershire and the Worcestershire Habitat Inventory (WHI). Her research interests are conservation policy, ecological economics, landscape ecology, urban ecology, compensatory mechanisms such as offsets and land use changes. In PATHWAYS, she is working on the land use domain in work package 2.