At the heart of the CDLINKS Project is to analyze the role of climate change within the broader sustainable development agendas of G20 countries. As part of this, empirical analyses of past and existing policies that have had a climate or broader development focus are conducted in support of evidence-based decision making. The methodological focus of these studies, which primarily analyze energy policies, is on policy effectiveness and the overlap and interaction of different objectives.
In 2009, several bicycle couriers in Berlin joined forces and founded the first self-owned and managed bicycle courier service. Just like other courier services, Fahrwerk Kurierkollektiv delivers small items such as letters, documents or keys and larger items like furniture across the city. In contrast to their competitors, the collective only uses bikes, freight bikes and electric cars for the deliveries, and strives to simultaneously improve the couriers’ working conditions and to foster sustainable transport in the city of Berlin.
Oktoberdruck is an example of a small printing company in Berlin which bridges the gap between the grass-root movement and business. Oktoberdruck was founded in 1973 by three students as a self-governing printing company. It is based on three fundamental ideas: Environmental compatibility, fair working conditions with a collective organization and product quality. The initiative is working towards a steady reduction of electricity, water and the use of chemicals and ecologically harmful substances and CO2 emissions.
The initiative “Rosa Rose’’ is one of the community garden projects in Berlin. The initiative started in 2004, when a group of neighbours in the Berlin district of Friedrichshain began turning a 2000m² brownfield into a garden to create their own little oasis. The idea was to grow vegetables, some fruits and herbs and create a green space and dog area that would also be open to passers-by. But unfortunately the oasis had to be abandoned a few years later, due to a planned construction.
The Repair Cafés are places where gatherings are held (usually) once a month that bring together people with a broken item and people with experience repairing things. People can have their products repaired for free with the help of experts working voluntarily. By taking your broken item to this meeting you can also learn how to repair and better maintain your product. The Repair Café has the tools required and you can have a coffee or tea in the meantime. You can go without anything to repair, just to watch and learn and be inspired.
The initiative Bürger Energie Berlin (BEB) is looking for a way to get the electricity grid of Berlin back in the hands of the citizens. The energy cooperative is one of three remaining bidders in the awarding concession for the electricity grid of Berlin. By buying shares of the co-operative, everyone can become a part of this project. BEB wants to co-own the grid with the city of Berlin but in order to significantly buy into the endeavour, BEB needs a lot of money. In December 2014, already 2300 citizens bought shares worth 10.8 million Euros and the numbers are increasing.
Stadt macht satt (“Harvest the city”) is an initiative in Berlin that tries to answer the questions: “How can we use food resources in the city more efficiently? How can urban gardening bring food production closer to the people that are physically and mentally separated from nature?” Anja Fiedler, founder of Stadt macht satt, offers strategies and practical solutions to these questions. As an expert in sustainable development education, she provides know-how on urban gardening, and where fruits and vegetables can be harvested for free.
Founded in 2010, Leila introduces the practical implementation of a concept which had only been known theoretically before under the terms ‘commons’ or ‘shareconomy’: Why should we buy things for our own, if we can borrow and share them with others? The idea and invention came out of a free store of the Technical University in Berlin. The founders wondered how to contribute to a dematerialized society and to decrease the amount of useless things we possess. The result was Leila, a ‘borrowing shop’, being located today in Berlin’s district Prenzlauer Berg.
The beginnings of the initiative can be found in two German cities, Cologne and Berlin, in 2012. In Cologne the online-platform foodsharing.de was invented to allow private individuals to share still edible food which would otherwise be thrown away because they bought too much or because they are going on vacation. At the same time in Berlin, a similar initiative “lebensmittelretten” was founded by Raphael Fellmer, a motivated “dumpster diver”, who lives on food that would be thrown away by supermarkets. Several companies were contacted and asked to collaborate.
This study applies the Multi Level Perspective (MLP) on the German heat system. It combines niche and regime analyses to assess the feasibility of a transition in the German heat system. For this, the following niches are considered: heat pumps, smart metering , small-scale biomass, solar thermal, low per-capita floor areas, and low-energy housing. The regime analysis is broken down into gas heating systems, oil heating systems, district heating, and residential building stock.