The initiative Bürger Energie Berlin (BEB) is looking for a way to get the electricity grid of Berlin back in the hands of the citizens. The energy cooperative is one of three remaining bidders in the awarding concession for the electricity grid of Berlin. By buying shares of the co-operative, everyone can become a part of this project. BEB wants to co-own the grid with the city of Berlin but in order to significantly buy into the endeavour, BEB needs a lot of money. In December 2014, already 2300 citizens bought shares worth 10.8 million Euros and the numbers are increasing.
People living in small villages have their special needs and desires like all of us, but there can be problems with how to get their voice heard at the municipality level.The solution could be to set up a village association to work as a supervisor of the interests of the people living in the village. In Finland these kind of village associations are rather common, as there are almost 3000 registered village associations in the country.
In the southern-most part of Finland, in a small village called Bromarf an ecovillage project was launched in 2000 and a plot size of 2.5 hectares was purchased. The Martha Association was one of the main funders of the project (together with local private sponsors), which aimed at providing altogether 20 residences mainly for elderly people and young adults. The following goals paved the way: new vitality to the village, enhancement of current building culture and of ecology, fresh entrepreneurship, energy economy, healthy building and increasing recycling awareness.
Hollola energy co-operative buys wood chips from its members and converts the chips to heat in heat plants owned by the municipality and sells the heat to the municipality. The co-operative has tens of members and its members get income from energy wood. The co-operative takes care of a couple of heat plants at schools and one heat plant in an old people’s home.
Tuupovaara energy co-operative was the first energy co-operative in the province of North Karelia. It was established by eight founding members in 1996 being one of the first energy co-operatives utilizing wood as raw material for heat production in Finland. The heat production activities that energy co-operatives started to be involved with created a demand for wood that did not have use in Finland, i.e. no-one bought energy wood at that time and markets were created for this wood.
Eno energy co-operative is a community-based enterprise located in North Karelia, Finland which has been established in 1999. It is one of 310 heat enterprises in Finland of which the first ones were established in 1992 – before this such a model for heat production run by entrepreneurs and based on forest chips did not exist in Finland. The co-operative is owned by local forest owners. The co-operative aims at producing inexpensive district heat for the local community with locally sourced energy wood, a part of which comes from its members.
The Participatory Energy Plan of Sant Martí de Provençals, La Verneda and La Pau (known as PEP) is a community-based initiative operating in three working class neighborhoods in Barcelona, Spain. It was created in the autumn of 2010. Originally inspired by the Transition movement coming from Totnes, the group is working towards a more environmentally and socially sustainable neighborhood. PEP proposes a collaborative way of managing the energy use at a neighborhood scale, focusing on decentralization, sensibilization and the citizen participation.
This study applies the Multi Level Perspective (MLP) on the UK electricity system. It combines niche and regime analyses to assess the feasibility of a transition in the UK electricty system. For this, the following niches are considered: solar PV, on- and offshore wind, bioenergy, CFL/LED lighting, and smart meters. The regime analysis is broken down into the electricity generation regime, the electricity consumption regime and the electricity network regime.
This study applies the Multi Level Perspective (MLP) on the German electricity system. It combines niche and regime analyses to assess the feasibility of a transition in the German electricty system. For this, the following niches are considered: solar PV, on- and offshore wind, bioenergy, CFL/LED lighting, and smart meters. The regime analysis is broken down into the electricity generation regime, the electricity consumption regime and the electricity network regime.
This case study is about local community renewable energy in the UK, with particular focus on innovative individual initiatives and their link to a nascent community energy niche. Specifically, the case study focuses on the initiative Brixton Energy, which has been creating and managing “cooperatively owned renewable energy projects”, including the UK’s first inner-city renewable energy co-operatives.