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The Dutch land use system

This study applies the Multi Level Perspective (MLP) on the Dutch land use system. It combines niche and regime analyses to assess the feasibility of a transition in the Dutch land use system. For this, the following niches are considered: Business and biodiversity, agricultural nature conservation, resilient landscapes, renewable energy, urban farming, and tourism. The regime analysis is broken down into the following regimes: nature, water, and urban.

The Portuguese land use system

This study applies the Multi Level Perspective (MLP) on the Portuguese land use system. It combines niche and regime analyses to assess the feasibility of a transition in the Portuguese land use system. For this, the following niches are considered: Biodiverse cities, business and biodiversity, multifunctionality for renewable energy, fire resilient landscapes, land sharing and Integrated Territorial Interventions (ITI), rewilding, and biodiverse pastures. The regime analysis is broken down into the following regimes: agriculture, forest, nature, and urban.

The Hungarian Agrofood system

This study applies the Multi Level Perspective (MLP) on the Hungarian agrofood system. It combines niche and regime analyses to assess the feasibility of a transition in the Hungarian agrofood system. For this, the following niches are considered: Local food systems, community agriculture, vegetarianism, organic food. The regime analysis is broken down into the following regimes: beef, pork, retail.

The Dutch Agrofood System

This study applies the Multi Level Perspective (MLP) on the Dutch agrofood system. It combines niche and regime analyses to assess the feasibility of a transition in the Dutch agrofood system. For this, the following niches are considered: MSC fish label, Dairy alternatives, Algae for fish feed, Flexitarianism, Hybrid meat, Cultured meat, Local food, organic food. The regime analysis is broken down into the following regimes: meat, fish, dairy, retail, vegetable farming.

The Dutch mobility system

This study applies the Multi Level Perspective (MLP) on the Dutch mobility system. It combines niche and regime analyses to assess the feasibility of a transition in the Dutch mobility system. For this, the following niches are considered: hybrid electric vehicles, battery-electric vehciles, car-sharing, biofuels, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, and compact cities. The regime analysis is broken down into the following regimes: automobility, public transport, and cycling.

The UK mobility system

This study applies the Multi Level Perspective (MLP) on the UK mobility system. It combines niche and regime analyses to assess the feasibility of a transition in the UK mobility system. For this, the following niches are considered: hybrid electric vehicles, battery-electric vehciles, inter-modal ticketing, car-sharing, biofuels, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, urban cycling/sharing, and compact cities. The regime analysis is broken down into the following regimes: automobility, railway, bus, and cycling.

The UK heating system

This study applies the Multi Level Perspective (MLP) on the UK heat system. It combines niche and regime analyses to assess the feasibility of a transition in the UK heat system. For this, the following niches are considered: heat pumps, smart heating controls and meters, small-scale biomass, solar thermal, district heating, and low-energy retrofits. The regime analysis is broken down into heating and housing. 

The German heating system

This study applies the Multi Level Perspective (MLP) on the German heat system. It combines niche and regime analyses to assess the feasibility of a transition in the German heat system. For this, the following niches are considered: heat pumps, smart metering , small-scale biomass, solar thermal, low per-capita floor areas, and low-energy housing. The regime analysis is broken down into gas heating systems, oil heating systems, district heating, and residential building stock.

The Swedish heating system

This study applies the Multi Level Perspective (MLP) on the Swedish heat system. It combines niche and regime analyses to assess the feasibility of a transition in the Swedish heat system. For this, the following niches are considered: heat pumps, district heating, waste heat recovery, indvidual metering and billing, small-scale biomass, and low-energy housing. The regime analysis is broken down into the district heating regime and the heat pump regime.

The UK electricity system

This study applies the Multi Level Perspective (MLP) on the UK electricity system. It combines niche and regime analyses to assess the feasibility of a transition in the UK electricty system. For this, the following niches are considered: solar PV, on- and offshore wind, bioenergy, CFL/LED lighting, and smart meters. The regime analysis is broken down into the electricity generation regime, the electricity consumption regime and the electricity network regime.

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