Energy strategy of the municipality of Urnäsch in Switzerland was co-developed by local population, stakeholders, and the expert. First, a visioning workshop was conducted in order to understand percpetions of the ideal-type future energy systems. Second, the collected energy visions were modelled with an energy system model and assessed using multi-criteria analysis. Third, the visions were given back to the involved stakheolder, members of the public, and experts, who adjusted their preferencs for visions.
In France, interactions between climate and energy policies can potentially occur through the National Low-Carbon Strategy (NLCS), which aims at supporting the country’s transition towards a sustainable, low-carbon economy. The NLCS interacts with climate and environmental policy making at different levels. On the one hand, the strategy is designed within the context of EU climate policies, while on the other hand, it may have an impact on policy making at regional and local levels in France.
Shared Planet is a student association that operates within the University of Aberdeen. It’s an umbrella for three food projects; “Shared Planet Café” (which sells ethically sourced, volunteer-made meals 5 days a week); the “veg bag” (vegetables bought from a local organic farm and wholesaler, bagged and sold at cost price.) and “The Corner” (ethically-sourced food from a wholesaler in Glasgow sold at cost price).
Som Energia (We are Energy) is a renewable energy consumers’ cooperative founded in 2011 in Barcelona, Catalonia that has engaged 20,000 members in less than 5 years – in the State of Catalonia and throughout Spain. Even though the founders designed Som Energia as a local organization, many groups in Spain contacted them early on in order to learn about possible replication of the cooperative in their regions.
Trèvol started offering courier services by bike. It was the first organization to do so in the Spain. Trèvol was then imitated by different groups in Spain, which, in the 80s or 90s funded bike courier services in Madrid (Trebol) or Zaragoza (La Veloz). In their funding years, Trevol Barcelona helped the other groups actively develop the model in their respective cities. In addition to the transportation area, the cooperative has also a green cleaning department, ECO-NETEJA.
The Suceava Pedaleaza (Suceava pedals) initiative promotes cycling, and organizes events for people who like to cycle. The club organizes weekly events where cyclists can participate. The organizations also has a representative role, in the sense that they promote the rights of cyclists (they organized some protests against the local authorities because of the poor state of the cycling lanes). They also organize specific events that promote cycling, and they try to get more and more people to cycle. Some members would describe the club as a community of cyclists that support its members.
In 2004 the Ciclofficina Centrale was established and opened its gate in a social squat next to the Coliseum. This community bike repair shop was the first one to open in a central location and it laid on an imaginary line connecting the other few community bike repair shops located east and west of the core of the city. In 2007 the Ciclofficina Centrale got the formal vest of association, named Ass. Ciclonauti.
In Rome, the Spiral Foundation (an experienced international no-profit humanitarian organization) started in 2011 a pilot project called “Refugee ScArt”. Its activity fosters humanitarian and environmental scopes jointly following the motto “new life to people through new life of materials”. Its peculiarity is that it was tailored to help refugees seeking protections in Rome to be self-sufficient and re-give them dignity, whereas at the same time this experience is used as a showcase for society to demonstrate that social inclusion is possible yet favourable.
In 2009, several bicycle couriers in Berlin joined forces and founded the first self-owned and managed bicycle courier service. Just like other courier services, Fahrwerk Kurierkollektiv delivers small items such as letters, documents or keys and larger items like furniture across the city. In contrast to their competitors, the collective only uses bikes, freight bikes and electric cars for the deliveries, and strives to simultaneously improve the couriers’ working conditions and to foster sustainable transport in the city of Berlin.
The initiative Bürger Energie Berlin (BEB) is looking for a way to get the electricity grid of Berlin back in the hands of the citizens. The energy cooperative is one of three remaining bidders in the awarding concession for the electricity grid of Berlin. By buying shares of the co-operative, everyone can become a part of this project. BEB wants to co-own the grid with the city of Berlin but in order to significantly buy into the endeavour, BEB needs a lot of money. In December 2014, already 2300 citizens bought shares worth 10.8 million Euros and the numbers are increasing.